By Dirgha Raj Prasai
Today, 29 Asar is the 205rd memorial birthdays of the great poet Bhanubhakta Acharya. Bhanubhakta was born in 29th Asar 1871 B.S. at Chundi Ramgha of Tanahun district and he died at the same place in 1925 B.S. Babubhaka is a great post-man who carried the Ramayan to every citizens of Nepal. It was to the credit of Bhanubhakta who succeeded in making Nepali language into common, all could know the glory of Nepalese nationhood and becomes conscious of great legacy. From the early age, he had composed on the sport on any subject and his poems were deftly thought-provoking, humorous and satirical at times.
Babubhakta was greatly impressed by the farsightedness of the ordinary grass-cutter. The grass cutter opened the eyes of Bhanubhakta where he could contribute the creative way to the Nepali nationality. The great pioneer poet had contributed for the unity of Nepali in his time. Babubhakta was impressed to keep his name immortal. Babubhakta dared to write his poems in Nepali unlike the trend of the time and he wrote in every subject-way of Nepali life, natural beauty and showing his gut by criticizing the devilishly dreaded autocratic regime of Ranas.
He is immortal in Nepal and literary world. Bhanubhakta contributed the- Ramayana, Ram Gita, Bandhu Siksha and along with a numbers of poems. His contributions are to the promotion of our common contact language and literature. Bhanubhakta applied the reality that every individual is a book we should have to read them. In the village whereas the poor grass cutter (Ghanshi) said that he was building a public rest house selling the grass. Hearing the message of Ghanshi, he got the enthusiasm to do the creative work. And then, Bhanubhakta Acharya carved his name on the hearts of Nepalese people and litterers but he did not want to carve his name on marble. Bhanubhakta wrote Ramayan translating the Bamiki Ramayan, Sanskrit to Nepali. It was become popular among the Nepalese people, all castes and tribes- inside and out site. It helped the Nepali language also to be familiar.
There are a total of 124 different languages spoken in the nation. Among them 40/50 languages are in developed phases. Maithili, Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Sherpa, Newar, Tharu, Rajbeshi, Limbu, Rai, Thakali, Sunuwar, Satar, Urdu are popular in their own communities. The Hindi language is also spoken at some places due to the open border. However, the influence of the Hindi language as compared to what the local mother tongues of the nation has is none? Hindi is the national language of India. To adopt Indian national language is tantamount to accepting Indian dominance, which the Nepalese people are against of. Since 2006, our thinking after independence has been increasingly influenced by the antinationalist element and foreigners. This is not good for all Nepalese people.
Darjeeling’s intellectual- Scholar Parasmani Pradhan had said, “Nepali language is not a language belonging only to a certain caste and creed. Not only the Bhramin, Chetri castes including Gurung, Magar, Rai, Limbu, Newar, Tamang have embraced Nepali language as their mother language despite having their own separate mother tongues. This has created a huge Nepali caste. There is no such thing as that one should forget the person’s caste language. If some castes are trying to struggle in name of struggle with the concept that Nepali language is not their language; they will not allow themselves to stand firm nor allow others to do so. The Khas sound changed into Khas language and became the language of Gorkha and Gorkhali and now it is the language of all Nepalese people.”
So, the Nepali language is accepted by the Nepalese in India’s Assam, Manipur, Darjeeling, Deharadun of Uttaranchal, Almoda. The Indian government has given an international recognition to the Nepalese language treating it as that of the government language. Nepal is home to various castes, languages and people.
When Bhanubhakta arrived first time in Kathmandu, seeing the scenery of Balaju, he wrote a poem which is always ever green-
'Lively young women with flowers in their hair, walk about me with their friends. They walk in dreams that are all their own; in this garden-like city that the gods have built. The rich in this place are uncountable, each person’s mind is filled with joy.Kathmandus an ocean of happiness, and this may be the golden city that the demons once built.'