Review Nepal News

King Mahendra Eradicated Discrimination Trends in Nepal

By Dirgha Raj Prasai
  Kathmandu, Nepal      August 16 2017

Dirgha Raj Prasai

A Swiss geologist and scholar, Toni Hagen first came in 1950 as a member of the Swiss Mission for Development Aid. His first job was to conduct Nepal's first geological survey. About the reality of the Nepalese politics and the intention of King Mahendra he said- 'I call back December 1960 when King Mahendra staged the royal coup. I never agreed with King Mahendra this step. On the other hand, I would say looking back into the history that King Mahendra was a very great personality. It is mainly for his merit that Nepal survived as an independent country between two big neighbors. He was very clever and handled the dedicate issues.' 25 Nov.1992- Weekly newspaper- The Independent' 
King Mahendra incorporated the phrase ‘Hindu Kingdom’ in the constitution upgrading the morale of India and Hindus all over the world. His work increased Nepal's prestige. He introduced Nepal in the United Nations by adopting the ideology of foreign policy. He maintained a balanced friendship with Chinese powerful leader Mao Ze Dong and Indian powerful Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. 
It has to be noted that Prithvi Narayan Shah has mentioned a dream in his divine message as a source of encouragement for greater Nepal’s unification, “a girl of 8/9 years of age came to me holding two 'Kadga'(sword) and I asked- ‘who’s daughter are you and she said she was the daughter of Priest Rana and handed me both the 'Khadga'(Sword). Brought something from 'Khokila' and asked me to eat it. Your wishes have been fulfilled.” The girl of Magar caste had incited the king to create the foundation for national unification. In the initial stage Magar, Gurung, Khas, Thakuri, Bhramin including Kami, Damai, Sarki among other castes had helped in the campaign for unification. 
Prithvi Narayan Shah unified the more than 54 small Hindu states and Nepal created the only one 'Hindu kingdom' in the entire world protecting Buddhism and other religions in this zone. The king had kept the originality of mountainous Nepal was kept alive by allowing the Moon-Sun depicting flag to flutter, we Nepalese are proudly known in the world. The great king Prithvi Narayan Shah united Nepal and the king Mahendra could reform all the discriminations among the Nepalese people and created the developed sovereign-Nepal. 
Bhadra 1st is the memorial day of King Mahendra who eradicated the unsociability problem from Nepal. The caste discrimination, particularly untouchables, in the Hindu society was one of the major concerns of the Nepalese and Indian societies. The adoption of Constitution- 2019 B.S. and Naya Muluki Ain in 2020 B.S. by King Mahendra of Nepal has officially abolished untouchables and caste discriminations, and directs to reorganize the Nepalese society along democratic lines, is a milestone. Although, there are so many hindrances and orthodoxy in grassroots level in Nepal. Talks have been held in Nepal from all quarters to end the trend of discrimination (unsociability) on ethnic terms. King Mahendra contributed to eradicate the unsociability trends in Nepal.  From 2020 B.S. there are no discriminations in cabinet, parliament, government offices, industries, organizations, meetings-assemblies, educational institutions, education, hotel, club and social organizations. 
This discrimination is nowhere to be found in the national level. However, the problem remains intact. This trend has a deep root in remote villages and towns. The possibility is not there that the discrimination could be ended with minor efforts. The efforts undertaken by the Dalit leaders, albeit entering the parliament through the act of proportionality and being appointed in the parliament, cabinet and commissions, has done little to emasculate the continuing discriminatory trend. The human right activists have been passing their time by presenting working papers at bigger hotels. The civil society runners, marred with the disease of taking money from political activists and foreigners, have not shown any concern towards gender-discrimination. Those making a living by using the Dalits' issues think that it is achievement to walk carefree by giving only speeches.
We can find so many evidences that the villages of Doti (Nepal) have a persisting belief that if Dalit drinks milk blood will flow from the cow and buffallo's nipples. This is why the residents of Doti do not sell milk. The villagers use powder-milk when making tea and milk cannot be found in teashops. When travelling to Bajang and Bajura it was the same disease afflicting them. A Dalit is obliged to wash the teacup after drinking tea from it in a shop. The political leaders are well-aware of the situation but they do not speak. Dalits are the people that craft and embroider the jewels in a temple but they are the ones forbidden from entering it. In reality, their failure to complain of this is a lacking factor in their capability. In the Sunar village in Kalanki, Kathmandu the Lord Shiva's temple was erected by the Sunar (goldsmith) people and they are carrying out the rituals of prayers in the temple. On the auspicious days of Shivaratri, and the Monday of Sawan and so on, it is thronged by all castes including Bhramins, Chetris and all castes- there is no stench of discrimination. So, the Dalits also, themselves, must contribute in reforming the society. 
Some years ago, Jaggi Prasad Upadhaya of Hollu village in Mugu district, committed suicide by throwing himself into Karnali River after the Maoist activists forcibly made him drink water touched by an untouchable. His body was found 18 days later in a state with a Veda (Hindu's religious rule) book strapped around his neck for emancipation. Similarly, in 2056 B.S., villagers in Putalibazaar of Syangja district, near by Pokhara, socially boycotted Priest Ram Chandra Koirala after the latter preached Gayatri Mantra to 27 Dalit youths at a week long preaching of religious epics and hymns (Saptaha Purana). According to Dinbhandhu Aryal-former minister, since that time, that village has witnessed the passing of many festivals of Dashain, Tihar, Bratabandha and wedding ceremonies but no one has invited Priest Ram Chandra. And no one has attended the ceremonies he has held. His mother and father say that they do not like to eat what he touches. The state and Dalit organizations could not confer award on such a great social reformer, who preached Gayatri Mantra to untouchables and challenged the prevailing discriminatory trend, and present him forward as an icon.
If the government declares an incentive to provide employment and award as a motivation to those ready for inter-caste marriage with Dalits, it could be one of the bases to end this discrimination. If Nepal's political parties, social organizations and religious Groups go to villages with determined programmed it can make a huge impact in the rural level. But the political parties are not ready to launch any campaigns in this direction as yet. The parties passed the proposal of declaring Nepal a discrimination free nation through the reinstated parliament in 2006. This only became an act of throwing dust into the eyes. How can a deep embedded disease lasting for eras be removed by passing a resolution motion at the parliament? Mere study of the Vedas cannot be the criteria for determining a person’s social position. A revolutionary programmed ought to be brought by the state to end discrimination. The eradication of the discrimination will be possible only after running a psychological and revolutionary campaign with a joint effort between the state and the state's all sectors from the rural level. The government must create an environment conducive to formation of joint committees comprising political party activists, local organizations and Dalit leaders to end such flaws and discriminatory trend.