Review Nepal News

King Tribhuvan & Democratic Movement in Nepal

www.reviewnepal.com
  Kathmandu, Nepal      February 20 2018

Dirgha Raj Prasai

 

By Dirgha Raj Prasai

Leadership is the gift of time. From the very beginning, Nepal is known as a Sovereign and independent country in the world. The time searches for leadership. It will be distrusting the history if we disregard the facts that the monarchs have ruled to protect Nepal time and again. In 1950 King Tribhuvan gambled his crown against the Rana regime for sake of democracy. After the execution of four martyrs the king led the fight for democracy. The struggle and sacrifice of the martyrs against the Rana oligarchy helped introduce democracy in the country, as a result of it, the Nepalese have been sovereign. The martyrs paid a terrible cost in blood, sweat and tears for the progress and prosperities if Nepal. So, we can't forget them for the sake of democratic stability. 

The glory of Nepal’s natural and cultural diversity resounds around the world. Different castes and creeds that exist within the territories of Nepal have jointly preserved the democratic value and tradition. Although our country is small it is home to many castes. The spirit of nationality of Nepal will remain incomplete in practicing discriminatory attitude towards any group, organization or caste. Should Nepal’s natural and cultural identities be extirpated in name of political revenge? If so, Nepal will vanish. Following the unification of Nepal, the kings of the nation as the great King Unifier Prithvi Narayan Shah, founder of democracy, King Tribhuvan, great nationalist King Mahendra and democratic warriors and people from various castes have protected this unity. But, since the uprising of 2006, the leaders of Congress, UML and Maoist have forgotten all the contribution of the national figures. 

Before 53 years ago, Nepal government had declared the martyr's week every year just Jan. 24th to 30 AD (BS Mag 10th to 16th) in the memory of the immortal martyrs of Nepal. Sukraraj Shastri was hanged 9th Mag mid-night 1997 Bs. at Pachali, Darma Bhakta Mathema was hanged-11th Mag at Siphal and Dasharath Chand and Gangalal Shrestha were shouted by gun -15th Mag at Bishnumati. 

The Rana rulers had kept king Tribhuvan a captive in his palace because the former dreaded his concern for freedom. The Rana rulers insolently approved of all official edicts in name of the monarch. King Tribhuvan stealthily met with democratic fighters and their secret papers were passed to the king. The king used to communicate with freedom fighters through such papers secretly. The king had a desire to free himself and also institutionalize democracy in the country. Nepal’s kings should not be compared to the tyrants that have ruled around the globe. Nepal’s unification is ascribed to a king; and we have become a Nepali due to this unification. The autocratic rule of Rana regime lasted for 104 years. The Rana rulers had kept king Tribhuvan a captive in his palace because the former dreaded his concern for freedom. The Rana rulers insolently approved of all official edicts in name of the monarch. King Tribhuvan stealthily met with democratic fighters and their secret papers were passed to the king. The king used to communicate with freedom fighters through such papers secretly. The king had a desire to free himself and also institutionalize democracy in the country. As we read the books written by the king’s personal nurse Ms. Erika, Ganeshman Singh, compounder Chandraman, Sidhhicharan Shrestha, Khadgaman Singh as ‘Jailma Bish Barsha (Twenty years in jail)’, we will have the idea that King Tribhuvan had not actuated the sacrifices of the martyrs would have wasted like pouring water on sand. 

We should not be ungrateful and harbor negative opinion towards the late king. The history has shown that the king disregarded his interest towards the crown in place for Nepali people. Had the king not escaped to India to end of Rana regime? It would be unfortunate if anyone speaks with asperity towards the 1950 revolution and revolutionaries- king Tribhuvan and democratic fighters. King encouraged and motivated the freedom fighters, many of whom became martyrs. It is our appeal that the cabinet must reverse its decision to remove the statue of king Tribhuvan and not plunge into an unnecessary controversy. If the cabinet persists with its decision it will be making a blunder. 

It is a national crime to extinguish the identities that attests to the history of the nation. It had not been an easy task to establish democracy in Nepal. It was certain death to oppose the Rana regime at that vintage of time. How did king Tribhuvan surrender himself by risking his crown for democracy in 1950? It does not suit anyone to harbor prejudice against the late king’s statue at Martyr’s Gate in the capital. Wouldn’t it have taken more blood in name of democracy without the king’s support? People are witness to the fact that king Tribhuvan’s statue was vandalized by four to five people of non Nepali origin in Banepa during the uprising in 2006. This is a systematic conspiracy. However, Banepa’s Tribhuvan Chowk is still popular. The statue will soon be reinstated in Banepa. Why is there need for so much detestation towards the late king? Hadn’t the king, who is known as the father of democracy, contributed much for democracy?

Shyam Rimal has portrait the reality of Martyr’s Gate. The designer of the Gate is engineer Shankarnath Rimal. The construction committee comprised of Arun Shumsher, Gaurinath Rimal and Suryalal Joshi. At the initial stage the committee had deliberated on constructing only a pillar of democracy but later they adhered to previous decision of constructing the statues of king Tribhuvan and four martyrs. The then king Mahendra had not designed the idea of constructing king Tribhuvan’s statue at the Gate. However, in accordance to the advices and a stance taken by engineer Shankarnath, that the absence of the statue of the king, who had motivated the martyrs, would make the work incomplete.  An analyst Shyam Rimal writes, 'It was considered a big contribution on part of king Tribhuvan in heralding democracy in the nation. There should not be anything remiss in maintaining the king’s statue. That architectural work is the reverence shown by Nepali people in name of Martyrs’ Gate. Disregard to such works is ignorance.' 

So let's define the established democratic and religious values and norms of sovereign-Nepal. No matter how much we may regret Nepal has remained under the grip of traitors after 2006. Now it is time for patriotic Nepali people, the chief organs of the state, court and Nepal Army to join hands to save the nation. We Nepalese people must decide what kinds of political system we want. Since 2006, we, the Nepalese people are fighting against the naked intervention of India's RAW, EU and CIA. The Republic, secularism and federalism are agendas of India-RAW, EU & the CIA but are not the actual issues of Nepal. The reality is that we should have Nepal as a good example of 'unity in diversity.' That is, we must recognize the multi-cultures and multi-languages of Nepal as the national assets. 

The main problem in Nepal is actually the corrupt and culprit leaders, who are backed up by foreigners and don't feel responsible towards the country.. Nepal has been standing on the verge of disintegration for the last eleven years. Nepal is in very dangerous position. It is necessary to end the crisis of constitutionalism, there must be implemented the unchangeable point of 1990 (2047 BS) constitution who was successful to keep intact the Nepal's unity, security and its sovereignty. So, we should have to restore the identified symbols-Hindu Kingdom and constitutional monarchy in Nepal remembering the contribution of king Tribhuwan and to fulfill the aspirations of the great four martyrs. 

Email:dirghrajprasai@gmail.com