By Dirgha Raj Prasai
King Birendra was a great nationalist who strongly believed that Nepal's history and tradition have bound her people and Monarchy in an enduring and intimate relationship, injecting in the Institution an inherent feature of honoring and being guided by popular will and aspiration of the people. King Birendra was born in 14 Poush (December) 28 Dec.1945, in the time of 2nd Great war. King Birendra followed the path of the great nationalist- King Mahendra and he supported the decision to continue Hindu Kingdom in the constitution. Hindu Kingdom and the King Birendra’s proposal to declare Nepal a zone of peace are the norms of the Nepal’s prestige and security opinion.
From the time of accession to the throne, King Birendra supported the democratic norms and rules. He made the people’s direct participation in the nation’s development and went on nation-wide tour encouraging all sectors. He bore the expenditure and arranged for medical treatment in US for the democratic leader of Nepali Congress BP Koirala, King Mahendra and his opposition. King Birendra held referendum on state’s political system reflecting the democratic image of Nepal’s monarchies. He played a big role in development based on geography in mountains, hills and Tarai plains. In the context of Nepal, the fact is that-Constitutional monarchy is the highest form of democracy, giving permanent political institutions for the stability of the country as well as the periodic political institutions.
King Binendra was a development- oriented people's king. The welfare of the people was always uppermost in his mind. He always endeavored to live up to their expectations and ensure a balanced all-round development. During his coronation in 1975, he declared free primary education throughout the country and also proposed that Nepal be declared a Zone of Peace. Including USA, 116 nations support the declaration of Zone of Peace but India denied it. Nepal has had ties with India since the Muslim rule there, but Nepal always faced a threat from India. In the name of democracy (Indocracy), India always plays the Drama with Nepalese agents-the traitors.
King Birendra, a highly educated personality, was seriously concerned from the annexation of Sikkim by India. King Birendra at his coronation, at the gathering of his guests — heads of the states and governments and representatives from Nepal’s friendly nations – announced a proposal of declaring Nepal a Zone Of Peace (ZOP). This move was taken to keep Nepal a sovereign and independent nation forever. 118 countries had already recognized this proposal, but India, Nepal’s immediate neighbor, didn’t support this proposal. According to senior journalist MR Josse, India was stunned from Nepal’s sudden announcement of ZOP. During King Birendra’s visit to India after the proclamation of ZOP, the then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had expressed serious dissatisfaction to King Birendra on his attempt to declare Nepal a ZOP. Since that time, India started to feel the Nepali monarchy as an obstacle.'-Pushpa Raj Pradhan.
In 1988 India initiated economic blockade on Nepal causing much suffering to the people. In the meantime, India reached out power hungry and demoralized political leaders to initiate uprising in Nepal. Indians had tried to threaten the then King Birendra through the India sponsored uprising and bring him under the Indian grip. India wants to take over the Nepal's defence and foreign policy by rendering it into such ranks as of a failed nation. After the palace macassare-2001, His Royal Highness Prince Gyanendra, according to the constitution-1990 was proclaimed king of the Kingdom of Nepal. The King Mahendra, King Birendra and even king Gyanendra had fought for the cause of national sovereignty, independence, nationalism and national unity.
Before 24 years ago, an analyst Barbara Crossette had released an article 'Testing times' in-The New York Time, 11 April 1989-'Nepal is the oldest nation in south Asia, with its own architecture, language and distinctive forms of Hinduism and Buddhism. Most Nepalese interviewed said they were strongly opposed to the large Indian presence in Nepal and to any attempts by New Delhi to dictate this country's policies.' It represents the Nepalese sovereign ego.
The Nepalese people had to bear the sudden loss of their beloved 'Monarch' in a dreadful and unanticipated incident that occurred in the Narayanhity Royal Palace on 1st June 2001. His Royal Highness Crown Prince Dipendra (born 1971) was in a coma in hospital, was declared king. His Royal Highness Prince Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah, brother of His late Majesty King Birendra was proclaimed regent in accordance with the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal - 1990. King Dipendra (at the age of 29) passed away the next day. According to the constitution, then, His Royal Highness Prince Gyanendra was proclaimed king of the Kingdom of Nepal.
The Crown prince Dipendra had fallen in love with Devyani. Being Devyani's mother birth-place India (Gwaliyar) and her mother's mother was lower Rana family, the King & queen denied him marriage to Devyani. Then, Dipendra became aggressive towards his parents. At that time, RAW penetrated the story. RAW agents convinced Devyani to hypnotize Prince Dipendra so that he would kill his father and become the King himself. Devyani's mother was also furious because she herself wanted to marry King Birendra in the past. She was jealous of Queen Aiswarya and wanted her daughter to be queen of Nepal. After the misfortune incident Dipendra puzzled out and he was nervous. And he shot himself using his left hand, because his eating & writing practice was by his left hand.
In that black night Prince Gyanendra was at Pokhara for the meeting of King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation. In the context of Palace's bloodbath 2001, senior journalist Pusphpa Raj Pradhan writes- 'Queen Aishwara was against the choice of son Dipendra to marry Deviyani, daughter of Pashupati Shumsher Rana. Earlier, King Birendra was positive with Dipendra, but when Indian ambassador KV Rajan and also some Indian sages started to lobby to accept Deviyani, the King became alert. For one and a half years, Dipendra’s relation with his parents was not cordial. On the other hand, his relationship with Deviyani was becoming more and more serious. He had attempted to marry Deviyani in a temple. Deviyani’s parent had brought another Indian Tantric to materialize the relation between Dipendra and Devyani’.
Without strong assurance from any of the external power centers, Dipendra could not move forward for such a heinous crime. His plan to kill his father only failed and he was compelled to open fire on others as others wanted to stop him from committing this crime. Dipendra again went to his father’s body to confirm whether he was dead or not. Finally, when he saw many relatives’ dead bodies, he felt guilty and opened fire him. Divyani was allowed to fly to Delhi the same night, immediately after the Palace bloodbath! Deviyani was closely associated with Dipendra. The lady Deviyan had known the planning, considering the phone records, as Dipendra’s last call was to Deviyani.'
This is open-secret that Prince Dipendra and Devyani were used by RAW in the Royal massacre. On the massacre night (7-9 PM), she was in Dugad Niwas near by the Indian-Embassy at Lajimpat, and was asking the activities of Prince Dipendra to his ADC, Raju Karki, now he is in America. First of all, PM Girija Prasad sent the message to Indian PM from the Army Hospital by telephone. But, just after the massacre, the next day, Devyani departed to Delhi when Girija was Prime minister.
After the Royal Palace Massacre, to point blame away from RAW, the Maoist leader Dr. Baburam Bhattarai wrote, according to the suggestion of P. Harmij (Nepal-Chief of RAW) that King Gyanendra was responsible for the Palace massacre, 2001. (Kantipur Nepali daily Nepali - 6th June 2001 (Bs 2058 Jestha 24) It is notable that after the Royal Massacre, P. Harmij was appointed the Chief of RAW in India. Then, the rumors started that the Palace massacre was organized by King Gyanendra to capture the regime. After the Royal Massacre - 2001, the so-called People's movement 2005, which was guided by RAW, had two vital agendas - to form a Republic and to create a Secular state. Then, RAW began the Drama to disintegrate the unity of Nepal. The leaders Congress, UML & Maoist remained silent against the game of the RAW strategy.
History says and everybody knows the monarchy is a symbol of Nepalese unity and nationality. In between the two big neighbors- China and India, the monarchy has been playing a balanced role. So, Nepalese monarchy is the most convincing identity of Nepal's independence and democracy. King Gyanendra is also a nationalist who can stand with cause and effect on national scenarios. The Nepalese only believe in parliamentary democracy and always follow the constitutional monarchy. Now, the only way would be the acceptance and restoration of benevolent and people-oriented monarchy. There is, thus, no way other than to form a national government of all sides, reinstating the constitutional, through a broad conference and find a way out to solve the country's problem.