By Dirgha Raj Prasai
Nepal and India are only the two Hindu countries in the world. These Hindu countries are bordered in between Kailash-Mansarowar in north and Hinda-Mahasagar in south, which is popularly known as the original place of Hindu and Hinduism. Hinduism educated us global brotherhood, humanitarian and respectful coexistence among differences. I strongly believe that Hindu philosophy can guide the entire world for humanitarian values and norms. Hinduism is our identity, Hinduism is our dignity, Hinduism is our life. It is the pride that we are part of it. About 950 years ago the Muslims invaded India. Their aim was to conquer, convert, destroy and loot. Due to their notorious attacking they were successful. At that time Muslims burned many Hindus- temples and erected mosques on top of the burned out temples and on other locations also.
In the ruling time of Muslim in India, English imperialist-East India Company invaded India with Christianity. They came first as traders, secondly-Bible and third was sword where they were building their own military force, secretly, to take over India and they were getting help from Great Britain to do so, and they succeeded. In such situation, the King of Gorkha-Prithvi Narayan Shah kept virgin more than 54 small Hindu states unifying Hindu Kingdom Nepal.
The people of Nepal and India always have cordial relations due to the cultural and religious resemblance. They should know that if instability persists in Nepal, it could be a bastion of terrorism posing a threat to the whole world. When in India were more than 25 nations, before Muslim and Britain period, at that time, India was not called 'Hindustan'. Being the majority Hindu people in these Indian states, British named as a 'Hindustan.' But, before 250 years ago, the great King Prithvi Narayan Shah expressed–"Nepal is true Hindustan" That is the reality of History.
This year India has witnessed the historical victory of nationalist patriotic power as a democratic practice of world’s largest democracy. We heartily congratulate Prime minister Sri Narendra Modi, a visionary leader. We believe Indo-Nepal relations will find new dimensions with new government of India. We are against any interference. But we always seek positive support and developmental cooperation. At this time, we are in crisis. All Nepali people want India be supportive in reinstating our lost pride-Hinduism and constitutional monarch. The Nepalese monarch always has goodwill with India. The fact is that the Nepalese monarchs held special right for carrying out ritualistic worship in many Hindu shrines and temples in India. Then, India's Hindutwa also can be dignified.
Since 1768, ‘Nepal’ became a common shelter for all Nepalese people. This is the mother land for all Nepalese people spread around the globe. It was almost 100 years before Germany and Italy was unified and the restoration of the Meiji dynasty was restored that Prithvi Narayan Shah had unified 54 small Hindu states and created Hindu kingdom unifying strong sovereign-Nepal.
The British Empire, spreading in Asia, after getting hold in India had eyed on mountainous region i.e. Nepal. It was not an easy task to fight against the British imperialistic force in the mid 18th century. As, the culture, the religion and the nationality was in a danger, which compelled Prithvi Narayan Shah to unify the Greater Nepal, including the many small Hindu states and protected Buddhism and other religions too. Prithvi Narayan Shah had kept the originality of mountainous Nepal by holding the Moon-Sun depicting flag to wave, which obliged all the Nepalese in the world.
The Gorkha King Prithbinarayan declared 'Kathmandu' as a capital and 'Nepal' as a Kingdom and but not Gorkha. Prithvi Narayan Shah not only brought caste- and ethnicity-based states under the umbrella of Nepal, but also laid a solid foundation for the modern state. Nepal was a “yam between two boulders” suggesting the need for a delicate balance of relationship between its two big neighbors-China and India.
The historical event says- after the capturing of Kirtipur, an English Platoon of 2,400 under the leadership of Killok was chased away from Sindhuli with the support from Ram Krishna Kunwar and Dev Narayan Magar, Jayanarayan Prasai and others. Then, Prithvi Narayan Shah came to Kathmandu, in course of creating a greater Nepal. After winning Kathmandu he sat on the royal throne at Hanuman Dhoka with the help of Jhyagal Gurung after receiving a 'Tika' from Kumari (Shakya living Goddess). To maintain the pride of this place, he did everything that could be done to create a greater Nepal. With the support of all difference castes Prthvi Narayan Shah contributed to extend this nation-Tista in the East, Kangada in the West and Ganges in the South.
Prithvi Narayan Shah's policy of 'Rights of inheritors over the land'- (Jagga Mathi Raitiko Adhikar) has heralded a tremendous influence over the people. The culture, tradition, religion, religious rituals, language and attires of all ethnic groups of the nation was accepted as a common property for co-existence after the unification. Nepali language had become extensive among people of other castes, so it was transformed as the government's official language and common language of use among the Nepalese. Instead of Gorkha, the name-Kingdom of Nepal was proclaimed. There were no forcible acts to this effect. Prithbinarayan was common leaders of all Hindus and Buddhists, castes and tribes.
The Great King was encouraged to unify the modern Nepal to save Nepal from the Christians at that time. As one after another stated in India was annexed by the British East India Company, the Great King felt a threat to Nepal and thus, had initiated this humble job of unification of the modern Nepal. The Great King had kicked out the Christians as they were campaigning for Christianity in Nepal at that time. Those Christians, who were kicked out from Nepal had sheltered in India and tried to defame the Great King. After the unification of the greater Nepal, the Great King had claimed that Nepal has remained a true Hindustan (the home for the Hindus).
A strong unitary sovereign nation was created with the involvement of the indigenous people. The indigenous people will accept the existence of a unitary state to remain protected from the danger posed by our northern and southern neighbors. The culture remains intact that ties the indigenous tribes together to survive in harmony, and the Nepalese common language which is understood by all. World famous national flag is Nepalese ethnic groups’ story of pride. From the unification, the attractive national attire is Nepalese people’s identity.
It is notable that the very exercise of Nepal as an independent country was made possible only because of geographical situation of the region by Prithvi Narayan Shah alongside the committed, dedicated and trusted ministers and generals belonging to the various origins.
Very surprisingly, Nepal was able to stand its ground as an independent, unique and powerful multi-ethnics state situated in the lap of the Himalayas, even in such a vulnerable situation where such extreme colonial encroachment in South Asia was rife. People of different ethnic backgrounds seemed to have united under the umbrella of the newly emergent Nepal. In many cases, a practical policy, offering dependent states to smaller friendly principalities was adopted by the great king Prithbinarayan Shah.
We Nepalese people where we are should have to celebrate the Unity Day and the memorial Birthday of the unifier Prithvi Narayan Shah and let’s tribute 296th memorial Birthday of the great king Prithvi Narayan Shah in 27th Poush.