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Tri-junction Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh and Kalapani becomes tripartite concerns to Nepal, India and China

www.reviewnepal.com
  Kathmandu, Nepal      May 20 2020

Kathmandu Nepal, May 20, 2020: Nepal’s reclaim on Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh and Kalapani through the endorsement of a political map likely to spark diplomatic tension not only between Nepal and India but with China as well. 

Though the border dispute in the area entirely relates between Nepal and India, China has also dragged into controversies after its Foreign Ministry’s Spokesperson Zhao Lijian urged both the parties ‘not to take unilateral actions’ even challenging that such an act would complicate the situation. 

As the Lipulekh pass, the Nepali territory, is in between of India's Uttarakhand state and the Tibet region of China, tri-junction with Nepal, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao’s statement made on Monday has hinted about its concerns over the area.  

Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Lijian’s statement made on Tuesday while speaking at a regular press conference in Beijing is taken as a counter attack to India as it has repeatedly been blaming that Nepal would have reclaimed the Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh and Kalapani in the behest of China. 

Responding to the Nepal’s reclaim over the land and widespread protests in Nepal against of the unitarily constructed land at the Lipulekh pass, Indian Army Chief Manoj Mukund Naravane had made a statement alleging Nepal of raising the issue of Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura at ‘someone's behest.’ Although he had not mentioned name of any country, General Naravane’s statement was apparently alluding to China. 

Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao’s statement is also taken as a clear hint of challenge to India not to construct road tri-junction area though he had stated ‘the border issues in Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura are issues between Nepal and India. 

‘As the border issues in Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura is between India and Nepal, I would like to urge the two countries to settle their disputes through friendly consultations,’ Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao had said adding that the two countries will properly resolve their differences through friendly consultations and will not take any unilateral action that may complicate the situation.

However, he did not mentioned about the controversial agreement reached between India and China to expand a trade route through the Lipulekh pass without Nepal’s consent during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Beijing in 2015. Nepal government has already objected the so-called agreement reached between India and China. 

The long been prevailed border dispute between Nepal and India surfaced lately after Indian Defense Minister Raj Nath Singh inaugurated a link road that passes through Lipulekh earlier last week. Likewise, the Indian government had also released a new political map in October last year incorporating Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura on its side of the border.

Even though the Nepal has been claiming the area on the basis of historical documents, proves including the Sugauli Treaty reached between Nepal and the then East-India Company in 1816, it is astonishing that India has repeatedly been claiming of not carrying out any activities inside the Nepali territory. 

Though India has occupied the area since 1962 and lately constructed the road at Lipulekh pass, the Nepali territory as per the treaty and historical documents, India seems unwilling to resolve the border dispute through the Negotiations. 

The Sugauli Treaty has determined the Kali River, which originates from Limpiyadhura, as the boundary between Nepal and India even elaborating that western part of the River is India while eastern part of the River is Nepal. 

As the Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura entirely lie east of the Kali River, there should not have a dispute over the issue. But, India has been claiming a rivulet, which originates from Lipulekh, as the Kali River to claim the entire area as its land. 

As the River that originates from Limpiyadhura is quite bigger than the rivulet that originates from the Lipulekh, the pundits of the river and water used to claim that the River which originates from the Limpiyadhura is the Kali River due to its size. 

If the River was proved as the boundary between Nepal and India, the entire land of the Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura lie in Nepali territory. Likewise, historic documents like land taxes, census reports and others are also forwarded to reclaim the area as Nepal’s territory.